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Cine-Ma Difference
  • 7 rue Desprez 75014 Paris France
  • 06 24 78 57 25 ou 01 71 20 22 64
  • Catherine Morhange

Fight against the exclusion of people with disabilities Recreation and culture through film shows adapted Association Cine-Ma Différence, France.

  • Social Life : Hobbies
  • Europe : France
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From Catherine Morhange the Apr 15, 2011

Access to the cinema, cultural recreation and popular as family, refused to be made to people with autism, multiple disabilities or with a disability who is accompanied by behavioral problems.




The activity "Cine-ma difference" began in March 2005 as an experiment conducted in a local cinema in Paris. In 2007, an association is created to support and develop local arrangements that are taking place.


"Cine-ma difference" was created after the following observation:a number of people are excluded from the film because of their disability, The latter often accompanied by disorders that disturb and worry the public.


Indeed, people with autism, multiple disabilities, or who have suffered a head injury - forms of disability vary widely- do not express their emotions in a socially agreedWhich they are charged by the public without disabilities, which means his failure to aggressively involved.


It can be vocal expressions, demonstrations of joy or anxiety (cries, laughs, applause), not expressed as tolerated by the public standard.




The Association "Cine-ma difference" is hosted by the will to fight against social exclusion, which adds an additional injustice injustice of disability. She wants to allow access to the movies to people who are excluded.




A warm welcome and treated


Upon arrival at the cinema, people with disabilities are welcomed so warmly by volunteers. This special reception is set up so that people feel that their presence is desired, they are welcome and not seen as potential sources of problems. As a result, stress and flies behavioral decline. Everyone is relaxed, both the person with disabilities that relatives who accompany him.


The reception is open to double as both the persons with disabilities and the public standardIn which explanations are provided in this session a bit special.



A necessary development


Many people have never been to the movies and come here with fear. To defuse this fear and reassurance, some adjustments are made.


First, the sound is reduced, So that people with hyperacusis or have very sensitive ears are not hampered. If the sound is too powerful, as is the case in many current facilities, behavioral problems may appear, expressing the pain of the person.


Then the light goes out graduallyIn order not to frighten the person suddenly plunging into darkness. Everything is designed to give him time to become familiar with the room and the strangeness of the concept. For if the film appears as a banal place, which we have been accustomed from a young age, we do not realize how it can be strange for someone who had never been there, to up in a dark room, facing a gigantic screen and projecting hundreds of images. We must therefore get used to a new situation to a new place, which takes time.


Finally, it is quite possible to leave the room (with ...) and come back out after being relaxed. The person may also change places as many times as she wants ... a host of small details that may seem harmless, but once the person realizes it is authorized to do all this, it still feels most need. Reassured, she can enjoy the film.


Just before the beginning of the film, an official session takes a few minutes to explain to the general public the particularity of the session. Short films complement of these explanations to remember that everyone has the right to go to the movies.


The presence of volunteers is assured throughout the session to exit the cinema. The goal is never to force the person, but to be there to make him feel a loving presence, prevent it from endangering. Volunteers are highly visible yellow jackets and are equipped with flashlights.

Some people become True movie fans. Have not been "suffocated" because of television difficulty concentrating on the small screen, film care for them a magical. This is reflected in the atmosphere of the room, some comments from those who speak, a boy who "gallop" in her armchair looking Fanfan la Tulipe, the posture of people with multiple disabilities, which are significant physical exertion and tend example to the screen to better "capture" the images.



The choice of films


The films shown are not very long because of people's ability to concentrate (1h30/1h45 maximum). Similarly, the inability to distribute films in original version is a major constraint.


It should also fight against the conventional wisdom, Lending to think that the cartoons are more affordable than the movies. The American cartoons, especially, are often difficult to follow because of their speed, their multiple references, and second degree. French cartoons are generally more suitable.


The films of animals, landscapes, groups of children or young like a lot. For these topics, identification occurs, particularly in people with autism. This is seen by the way in which the film is careful monitoring.


The newsreels, talked about at school or in institutions, are programmed so that people can participate in conversations.


It is also quite possible to disseminate heritage films, old black and white ... but it can greatly displease the siblings, or parents ...! It remains difficult to please everyone!





  • In human terms: Development of the device and running the network Cine-ma difference a single employee and officials of the association for local partners leading sessions regularly, about 150 volunteers.


The association Ciné-my difference accompanies those who wish to join the network in building their local device. An agreement is signed to define the commitments of each other.


The association explains the device and the values ??that underpin it, set out in the Charter, provides them a tool box (communication materials, films, guides, life ...) and support throughout the process until the first session: finding a cinema for example, get the support of the city, department, invitation to a meeting in Paris in order to better realize the device, recruitment and outreach volunteers etc..


An official of the Association comes to the first meeting of each member to improve the following. The support then continues to resolve any problems, talk about programming ... Once a year, a meeting was held with all members of the network.



  • At the hardware: The association has tools (documents and films) to help people wishing to set up the device. Cinemas chosen must be fully consistent with the philosophy of the event. The head of the film must join the project and not consider this an obligation. This majority of rooms belonging to the network arthouse, cinema city, cinema associations.





France is fortunate to have even a rich network of small movie theatersThat have great projects and are looking for new audiences. For these rooms, the device is clear and is welcomed. Long-term links are created with the directors of these movies, something more difficult in the multiplexes which managers change jobs every 3 years.

People take pleasure in coming together with their families, who can live a real time-sharing. Siblings often also private movie because the parents can not be divided, or have experienced rejection, shame, and many other painful feelings and painful, can also enjoy this moment of relaxation. The parents have a different view of their disabled child in the audience from seeing the other spectators.


The public non-disabled becomes aware of certain events that could live before and he did not understand, not having been warned. Indeed, people are often intolerant because they do not understand what is happening. After the explanation, they do pay more attention to "disturbances" and are subject to focus quietly on the film. The public is also often a quieter session regular meeting ... He realizes that it is not difficult to share a moment of leisure with very different people.


Gradually, people with disabilities become accustomed. The cinema is no longer an unknown location and loses its strangeness. All can enjoy a movie with everyone. Some, no longer need the matching device, and can attend regular meetings. "Cine-ma difference" is truly time of transition, Providing access to something new. The ultimate goal is of course the loss of the device, but the road is still long! For now, the goal is to develop the network in France and why not the world, so that everywhere it is possible to simply go to the movies together!


Translation Project
Canonical language : French
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