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Accueil Association d’Aide Aux Handicapés Mentaux de Ghardaïa A goat farm in the oasis, training place for adults with intellectual disabilities to integrate them into the society, Ghardaïa, Algeria

A goat farm in the oasis, training place for adults with intellectual disabilities to integrate them into the society, Ghardaïa, Algeria

  • Labour : Daily Activities
  • Africa : Algeria
  • Fiche d'expérience

Par aouflmes_779 le 27/11/2017

The Mozabite goat being well adapted to the region South of the Algeria, it is quite natural that this milk and cheese production has been chosen to diversify activities offered to young adults to gain a job in the society.


  1. The context

Our association is located in Ghardaïa in Algeria (600 KM South of Algiers a city of sahara); It was established 1993 and approved in 1994 by the wilaya of Ghardaïa.

Its missions are:

-Support of the mentally disabled in institutions

-The support of the families concerned.

-The research of the causes of disability and sensitization of public opinion

- Professional integration of disabled adults.

For the adult disabled, we created a sheltered workshop

Currently it has a woodworking shop for boys, a workshop of weaving and sewing for girls and a goat for the production of milk and its derivatives (girls and boys)


We welcome children with a mental handicap as a result of a test of the psychologist of the Center defines the degree of his disability; light medium or heavy.

Each year more than 10 children are welcomed and are put into groups according to the degree of the disability and age. Currently we have 115 children.


The services developed by our association are:

-The support of the disabled in half board with transport insurance

-Pedagogical and psychological interventions.

-The medical follow-up of students with disabilities.

-Vocational training in partnership with the training centre concerned.

-The creation of workshops according to physical and mental age.

-L'integration of individual and collective sport.


  1. The purpose of the experience

The goat has been implemented for the insertion of disabled adults interested.

There is a particular attraction for people with disabilities to this animal. It is also a job that requires the group to "work together" . The result " having milk " allows the adult to see the result of his work. He discovered by himself that he is useful to society and wins in "self-esteem".


Natural milk production is rare in those days. There is in great demand by the population

We wanted to make the place to the goat , well-known in the region.

It allowed to create and maintain green spaces around the Center. Ghardaia is an oasis where water is present.


The local goat 'Mozabite' is very well known in the region as well as in Algeria (+ 50% of the population practiced this activity in household)

We chose the mozabite preferably goat to any other animal because it fits properly to the climate of the region.


The final objective is the development of the farm to insert adults with disabilities (every year)

Thus the development of new activities allows them more choices according to their desire and their will. The milk production is the logical outcome of this process as well as derivatives such as cheese and butter.


  1. Implementation, how it works


The goat farm was created in 2014. Currently twenty adults are working

The main steps of its creation were: awareness of the partners and young adults of such a project, the planning of actions: realization plan and construction of the shed, the purchase of goats as well as material necessary, the theoretical and practical training in a professional.


The tasks of disabled people under the responsibility of the educator are: the work of culture and harvest of green foods, the food of goats, milking goats with manual and automatic operations. The goats are fed with green food harvested by us and purchased concentrates.


The production passed partly in the Center (breakfast of children) and the rest is sold as milk or as butter transformed on-site .


  1. The means


In terms of personnel, an educator trained, working full-time, and part-time Center psychologist are involved in supervision of adults working in the goat farm.

On the financial front, we got the following aid:

assistance of the Foundation of France for purchase of equipment and goats as well for training

Assistance to the town of Ghardaia for part of the constructions

Assistance of the Wilaya of Ghardaïa regarding the acquisition of the land and its development

Aid and contributions from benefactors for the construction.



On technical and material, we have a room divided into box (producing goats, goats pregnant, goat kids, goats, milking, concentrated foods and green foods, milk)

We also have milking materials, materials for the culture and harvest of green foods.

Among our needs unmet: a bus for the transport of students and a utility vehicle necessary for the centre (transport of the materials and food... etc.), as well as teaching materials suitable for the disabled.

In terms of methods, we lack of Exchange with similar associations and specialized training centres.



  1. How do you evaluate today?



In part, we have reached the objectives. It lacks only the production of cheese as well as the operation of professional marketing of milk and its derivatives, object of an ongoing project.


Stakeholders are satisfied with their work. They feel useful. They have greater self-esteem. Their families also express their satisfaction. These include aid and visits by local officials as a result of the success of this project

Participation in the effort to upgrade the local goat and the creation of green spaces satisfies the entire population.

The association becomes more known and exchanges will be required with others; It needs more land for the cultivation of green foods and agricultural products for the Center.


We also have problems. In particular the lack of Exchange with similar associations, we need public awareness constantly. We are also facing administrative slowness.

Our limits are largely financial. We always need more financial resources to develop more.

Everything is possible with the work.  We recovered disabled people by doing quality work and found changes in behaviour of the persons concerned (direct contact with the animal and Earth helped to develop the potential of each person)

To day, we believe that at least two disabled can launch their own goat farm(with the family) provided that local authorities give the financial means


Our council: Never underestimate disabled people, included. In fact people with disabilities reacted positively during contact with the animal, others with the work on the land, in group work, others after a trip to the North in a coastal town in contact with sea water... ; But there is a continuous work in progress at the level of the centre and with the families concerned.


This experience index card was created according to the interview of Mr. Messaoud Aouf


A goat farm in the oasis, training place for adults with intellectual disabilities to integrate them into the society, Ghardaïa, Algeria



A goat farm in the oasis, training place for adults with intellectual disabilities to integrate them into the society, Ghardaïa, Algeria


A goat farm in the oasis, training place for adults with intellectual disabilities to integrate them into the society, Ghardaïa, Algeria












Langue d'origine : Français
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